- Ph.D., Economics, Washington University St. Louis (1992)
Education & Training
- The Pox of Liberty: How the Constitution Left Americans Rich, Free, and Prone to Infection (University of Chicago Press, 2015)
- The Great Lead Water Pipe Disaster (MIT Press, 2006)
- Water, Race, and Disease (MIT Press, 2004)
- Why Regulate Utilities? (University of Michigan Press, 1996)
- “Political Participation in a Violent Society: The Impact of Lynching on Voter Participation in the Post- Reconstruction South,” Journal of Development Economics, vol. 129, no. 2 (2017):29-46. Co-authors: Daniel Jones and Randall P. Walsh.
- “Typhoid Fever, Water Quality, and Human Capital Formation,” Journal of Economic History, vol. 76, no. 1 (March 2016): 41-75. Co-authors: Brian Beach, Joseph P. Ferrie, and Martin Saavedra.
- “Lead, Mortality, and Productivity,” Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 96, no. 3 (July 2014): 458- 70. Co-authors: Karen Clay and Michael Haines.
- “Did Frederick Brodie Discover the World’s First Environmental Kuznets Curve? Coal Smoke and the Rise and Fall of the London Fog,” in Gary Libecap and Richard Steckel, The Economics of Climate Change: Adaptations Past and Present. Co-author: Karen Clay.
- “Lead Water Pipes and Infant Mortality in Turn-of-the-Century Massachusetts,” Journal of Human Resources, vol. 43, no. 3 (December, 2008):553-75.
- “Water and Chicago’s Mortality Transition, 1850-1925,” Explorations in Economic History, vol. 45, no. 1 (January, 2008):1-16. Co-author: Joseph P. Ferrie.
- “Regime Change and Corruption: A History of Public Utility Regulation,” in Edward Glaeser and Claudia Goldin (editors), Corruption and Reform: Lessons from America’s Economic History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press and NBER, 2006.
- “Municipalizing American Waterworks, 1897-1915,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, vol. 19, no. 2 (October 2003): 546-67. Co-author: Rick Geddes.
- “Further Tests of Static Oligopoly Theory: Evidence from Distilling, 1881-1900,” Journal of Industrial Economics, vol. 51, no. 2 (June 2003): 151-66. Co-author: Karen Clay.
- “The Limits of Jim Crow: Race and the Provision of Water and Sewerage in American Cities, 1880- 1925,” Journal of Economic History, vol. 62, no. 3, (September 2002): 734-773.
- “Race, Disease, and the Provision of Water in American Cities, 1889-1921,” Journal of Economic History, vol. 61, no. 3, (September 2001): 750-77.
- “The Sources of Public Ownership: Historical Evidence from the Gas Industry,” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, vol. 13, no. 1, (April 1997): 1-27.